Administrator Handbook Table of contents version française

Inter-network Map

The LoriotPro network map displays a graphical map of your network topology at the IP layer and based on the configuration of the discovered IP routers. This view is called inter-network map and is automatically updated with any new LoriotPro directory objects.


Inter-network map access

You can open the Inter-network Map window in many ways.

From the main menu select:

Supervise> Maps>inter-network MapÖ


inter-network Map menu

From the network map Tool Bar :

network map

Click on icon: inter-network

From the MinIMap:

mini network map
MinIMap

Clicking once on the MinIMap displays the inter-network Map centered on the selected zone.

link on network map
inter-network Map window

Remark: If you double-click on a network object in the inter-network Map window a new window is opened containing the hosts attached to this IP network. To return to the inter-network Map, you must double-click on the network icon in the upper left corner.

level of network map
Network map window


Network map icon Types

The goal of the inter-network map is to display all routers, networks and links between them. To display equipment and their status the software uses different icon types. The following table summarizes all these types and their meaning.

Remark: The inter-network Map window uses three common objects: the host type, the router type, and the network type. These objects are displayed on a black background and texts are in black on a white background. All supervision functions can be applied to this three object types.

Table of icon associated background shapes

Forms

Examples

Definitions

Square

host icon network map

The host object icon

router icon network map

The router object icon

For ahost†††††

The device is displayed as a customized icon with a square as the background shape.Its color changes when its status changes.

For a router

The device is displayed as a customized icon with a square as the background shape. Its color changes when its status changes. The status of a router is the same as the worst of any of its interfaces (hosts).

Round

network icon network map

The network object icon

For a network

The network is displayed as a customized icon with a circle as the background shape. Its color changes when its status changes. The status of a network is the same as the worst of any of its included hosts.


Network map icons

LoriotPro tries to resolve the network technology from the information collected from SNMP and assigns a specific icon to them.

Remark: You can modify the automatically assigned icon by selecting the network type in the properties window of the network object or by loading an external icon.

Table of network icon types

Icon types

Network technology

token ring icon network map

Token Ring network

ethernet icon on network map

Ethernet netwok

cloud icon on network map

Operator Network (cloud) (ISDN, RTC, X25, frame relay Ö)

loopback icon on network map

Loopback

wan icon on network map

Point to point or leased line network

tunnel icon on network map A tunnel link

Other network

Example

It is possible to assign your own customized icon by choosing it in the network properties window

network properties


Router icons

The software offers you a choice of icon that represents routers. However, you can select your own customized icon.

Remark: An icons.ini file is located in the bin directory of the software and allows you to tailor the icon assignation of hosts and routers by the Discovery process.

Table of router icons

Icon standard type

Definitions

Router

Server, its main role is not to do routing

Switch with routing capabilities

Printer with routing capabilities

Firewall

It is possible to assign your own customized icon by choosing it in the router properties window

Table of the status colors

Colors

Examples

Definitions

Magenta

A Host

A router

A Network

The magenta color informs you that the object is not supervised

For a host

The device is not supervised and its exact status is unknown.

For a router

The device is not supervised and its exact status is unknown.

For a network

None of the devices in this network are supervised and their exact statuses are unknown.

For a link

The router interface with its associated IP address is not supervised.

Blue

A Host

A router

A Network

The blue color informs you that the object answers to ping requests (ICMP hello packet).

For a host

The device is supervised with a periodic IP ping request but doesnít answer to any SNMP requests.

For a router

The set of the routerís interfaces(host) or at least one of them are supervised by IP ping (ICMP hello packets).

For a network†††††††††††

The hosts located in this network or at least one of them are supervised by IP ping (ICMP hello packets).

For a link

The router interface with its associated IP address is supervised by IP ping (ICMP hello packets).

Yellow

A Host

A router

A Network

The yellow color informs you that the object doesnít answer to SNMP requests but it could be a temporary condition

For a host

The device is supervised but doesnít currently answer to SNMP or ping requests

For a router

The set of the routerís interfaces (host) or at least one of them are supervised but donít currently answer to SNMP or ping request

For a network†††††††††††

The hosts located in this network or at least one of them are supervised but do not currently answer to SNMP or ping requests

For a link ††††††

The router interface with its associated IP address is supervised but doesnít currently answer to SNMP or ping requests

Red

A Host

A router

A Network

The red color informs you that the object doesnít answer to SNMP requests and is probably down or out of order.

For a host

The device is supervised but has not been answering SNMP or ping requests for a while.

For a router

The set of the routerís interfaces (host) or at least one of them are supervised but have not been answering SNMP or ping requests for a while.

For a network†††††††††††

The hosts located in this network or at least one of them are supervised but have not been answering SNMP or ping requests for a while

For a link ††††††

The router interface with its associated IP address is supervised but hasnít been answering SNMP or ping requests for a while

The status colors of the hosts located in a network define the color assigned to the network icon in the network map.

The priority in color assignment is as follows:

Red > Yellow > Blue > Magenta.

Example :

In the screen capture below, the 10.33.10.140 host has a red status and the network icon 10.33.0.0 is also red in the network map.

Also, the 10.33.10.140 host is an interface of the 10.33.10.140 router ID, so the router icon inherits a red status.

The link between the 10.33.10.140 router ID and the 10.33.0.0 network is red because the 10.33.10.140 interface is defective and in red status.


The host objects of the 10.33.0.0 network and their color-defined statuses .


A topological view with objects and their statuses


Menus

The inter-network Map associated tools are numerous most of which have already been seen in the previous chapter.

The window has a menu bar and context menus associated with the icon type.

View Menu

The table under the screen capture below describes the various options of the view menu.

network map menu
View Menu

Table of the view menu option

Options

Descriptions

This option displays the topological map.

This option shows a modal window displaying real-time information about devices.

If you place a pointing device over an object, information is automatically displayed in this window.

map tool

By default, IP addresses are used to name devices on the network map. However, it is possible to assign mnemonic names to them.

The default

With names

Toggle Network icon display

Toggle router icon display

Toggle grid display

the network map is automatically refreshed at regular intervals, this option performs an immediate refresh.††

This option hides the inter-network Map


Insert Menu

The table under the screen capture below describes the various options of the Insert menu.


Menu Insert

Table of options of the Insert menu

Options

Descriptions

This option inserts a router in the network map from the unassigned directory hosts

Example

Remark: In the chapter on router insertion more explanations are given.

It is better and easier to use the context menu to insert a router directly atthe right location in the network map.

This option inserts a network in the network map.

Example

Remark: In the chapter on network insertion more explanations are given.

It is better and easier to use the context menu to insert a network directly at the right location in the network map.†††

Warning
If you create a network from that menu, it will be inserted just under the World object of the Directory tree.

This option allows you to insert a Zone map from an image file (EMF format) to have a background of your choosing.

The surface used by the image is called ZoneMap.

It is better and easier to use the context menu to insert a Zonemap directly atthe right location in the network map.†††

Remark: This ZoneMap will be indexed by the network map Tool Bar and therefore can be directly selected.

LoriotPro uses EMF (Extended Meta File) as ZoneMap images.


Supervise Menu

The supervise menu contains all options needed to supervise and administrate devices. It is divided into three sub-menus for each type of object.

To supervise an object, select it either in the Directory or in the network map, and a black background should display confirming the selection. All options selected in the menu will be applied to the selected object.

Options available in the supervise menu are the same as those described in the main menu.

Supervise>Host

Supervise>Routers

Supervise>Networks


Options Menu

The options menu contains various commands used to manage graphical interfaces and window properties.

Menu Options

Table of the Options menu

Options

Descriptions

This option refreshes the host position in the network window.

Hosts are automatically set in network Map.

The Tool Info window is refreshed when the mouse is moved.

Uses the grid.

Toggles the grid display

The software, by default, sets the object on the network map but this is not necessarily the objectís real location. Later on, you can arrange the network map by moving icons where you want by simply using the drag-and-drop function.

This command destroys all your settings and reorganizes the objectsí locations.

Remark: The algorithm used is CPU time consumption and should be cautiously started on a small inter-network only (50-150 routers/networks).

It is possible to manually locate the router on the network map and to let LoriotPro locate the network objects.

It is possible to modify the Zonemap object parameters.


Contextual global menu

If you right click on an empty area of the network map the global context menu appears.


Global context Menu

Remark: This is the same menu as the insert menu seen previously. The only difference is the capability to insert a new device object or a Zone map where the menu has been called. This is the fastest and easiest way of object creation.


Contextual Router menu

If you right-click when a router object is selected on the network map you access the Router context menu.


Router context menu

Remark: This menuís options are described in the next chapter

Table of Router context menu options

Descriptions

                Options

Refresh the displayed information of the Tool Map window.

Open the Tool Map window

Open the common SNMP queries window.

Open the Snmp walker window.

Allows you to attach a plug-in to the router reference IP address.

Start the report generator engine with the router reference IP address.

Remark

The Report Generator tool is explained in the next chapter.

Start the Gbox tool with the router reference IP address.

Shows therouter TCP active sessionswindow.

Display the router IP routing table.

Displays the router Novell SAP table.

Warning
The IPX MIB should be loaded (compiled).

Displays the router Novell IPX routing table.

Warning
The IPX MIB should be loaded (compiled).

Start the Windows Ping tool with the router reference IP address.

Start the Windows Telnet tool with the router reference IP address.

Start your preferred Web navigator with the router reference IP address as URL (http://ip_address/

Start any external program with the router reference IP address as line parameter.

Open the router properties window

Remark: The details of this window will be seen in a subsequent chapter

Quit the menu


Network context Menu

If you right-click when a network object is selected on the network map you access the Network context menu.

Network context menu

Remark: These options are described in subsequent chapters.

Table of options found in the Network context menu

                  Options Descriptions

Refresh the displayed information of the Tool Map window.

Open the Tool Map window

Open the Network properties window

Remark: Details on this window are given in subsequent chapters

Quit the menu


Host contextual menu

If you right-click when a host object is selected on the network map you access the Host context menu.

network map menu
Host context menu

Remark : These options are described in subsequent chapters.

Table of options found in the Network context menu

             Options Description

The selected host becomes the default host. All subsequent commands will be applied to it .

Remark: To select a host, simply left click on it.

This option allows you to change the host icon.

Refresh the Tool Map window information.

Open the Tool Map window.

   

Open the Common snmp query window.

Open the Snmp Walker tool window. This tool discovers the MIB objects that a device implements.

This option allows you to attach a plug-in task to the selected host.

Start the report generator engine with the host IP address.

Remark: The Report Generator tool is explained in a subsequent chapter.

Display the host TCP active sessions.

Open the Gbox that displays a graphical view of the host interfaces.

Start the Windows Ping tool with the router reference IP address.

Start the Windows Telnet tool with the router reference IP address.

Start your preferred Web navigator with the router reference IP address as URL (http://ip_address/)

This option allows you to start an external program with host parameters in the command line.

Open the host advanced properties window.

Remark: Details on the options found in this menu will be seen in subsequent chapters.

Quit the menu

 


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