snmp management software LoriotProsnmp management software LoriotPro

Administrator Handbook


The Workspace

This zone has tabs allowing you to select the data you want to visualize. Each window displays data in logical trees.

Directory tree

In this zone you can build your own graphical view based on your company network topology or any other organizational way. The principles found in other directory representations are used, such as containers, organizational units, branch objects etc. All objects managed by LoriotPro are stored in a Directory called LDSLoriotPro Directory Services’.

Workspace, Directory Tree

Remark: By default the Discovery process places all discovered network type objects at the root level “World” of the directory tree. It is possible nonetheless to define the container under which the newly discovered objects should be placed. Read the Discovery process chapter for more information.

Build your organizational tree

The Directory tree can contain a large variety of object types that you can organize as you please. A distinction should be made between container object types that are nodes in the tree and active objects that are branches of the tree. On the other hand, some branch objects can have attached elements of the process type or the plug-in type. 

To insert a new object in the directory, select an existing one (World is the default) and use the Insert function. Container objects can contain other container objects but branch objects cannot contain container objects. The depth of the tree and the number of levels is limited to xxx (three branches).

The container object type

These object types are used to build the hierarchical structure of the Directory, reflecting the best possible logical or physical organization in your company. The main container of the Directory is named World and includes all other objects. This object can be neither deleted nor modified.

Table list of container objects and their associated icons

Container type





Cannot be modified.




The country container is used to create a node of country type in a topology organization.

Example : US, GB, France, Ireland, etc..

Can contain any other object types

The name can be modified.



The Organization container is used to create various levels of organization. These levels can be used in a large company having multiple branches or by an operator that must manage multiple companies from the same management platform.

Can contain any other object types

The name can be modified.

Organization Unit

The Organization Unit container is used to create various levels of organization within a company.

The name can be modified.


The network container is used to create a logical node in the tree associated with a physical network of the company.

Can contain any other object types, and also other network type objects.

Name and parameters can be modified

This object is active and has its own properties allowing the customization of network parameters.

Remark : The Discovery process will automatically place the discovered hosts according to their IP address in the right network if this one is already present in the directory.

The branch type objects

Branch type objects are mainly used to symbolize the active devices of your information system. The key element is the host, which represents any network-connected device with at least one IP address. The IP address is used as an index in the Directory storing structure. For a router owning multiple addresses, it is possible and recommended to create one host object for each of them. The Discovery process will do it for you by default if you let it work. It will add each discovered IP address in the corresponding network containers that were created.

For example, if a router has four interfaces attached to four different IP networks, the Discovery process will create four network objects with the parameters found in the router. Then, it will add four hosts, one in each network container previously created. In addition, it will create a router object under the router tab window within the workspace.

Table of branch object types

Leaf type






The symbols used depend on the host type.

The host object is used to represent a manageable device, server, router, switch, workstation having an IP address.


The host object can contain the task object type. It is not really a branch of the tree in this case.

This object has numerous properties described in a subsequent chapter.



Various task types exist with their own symbols

The directory is active allowing you to attach to a host any task or process that will perform data processing in the background mode.

Each task has its own specific parameters. Refer to the following chapter for more information.

If you have correctly answered the first Wizard window, the Discovery process should have created the networks present in your company at the root of the Directory tree. We will now manually customize the tree to give you a better understanding of the principles of use of the Directory tree.

Directory  modification

Let us try to modify what the Discovery process has created. In our example the Directory has been simplified. Our company Llecointe located in France is a single site with two divisions, sales and research. Only a few hosts are connected to the network.

We first insert a country container, then an organizational container, then two organizational unit container.

Initial Directory tree configuration

The ‘Default Gateway’ host is the reference host used by the Wizard started initially. This host has been inserted at the root level of the directory.

Insert the Country container

To insert the Country container under the root level select the World object  and from the Edit menu choose:

Directory>insert Object>Country.

Insertion of the Country Container

Or from the Tool Bar ‘Workspace Tools Bar’  click on the icon

The Country object properties window appears.

Country object properties

Enter the Country container name to be inserted, then click OK.

The Directory is modified and now contains the new container object of Country type.

The modified Directory with the new country object : France

Remark: LoriotPro always places the new objects at the bottom of the tree.

Insertion of an Organization container

To insert the Country container under the country container France select the France object  and from the Edit menu choose:

Directory>insert Object>Organization.

Or from the Tool BarWorkspace Tools Bar’ icon

Or from the context menu of the Country object:

Right click > insert Object>Organization.

The Organization properties windows appears

Insertion of the Organization Container

Enter the name of the Organization to be inserted, then click OK.

Insertion of the Organization Unit Container

The same procedure applies.

To insert the Country container under the Organization container Llecointe select the Llecointe object  and from the Edit menu choose:

Edit>insert Object>Organization Unit.

Or from the Tool BarWorkspace Tools Bar’ icon

Or from the context menu of the Country object:

Right click > insert Object>Organization Unit

The Organization Unit  properties windows appears.

Enter the Organization Unit name to be inserted, then click OK.

Follow the same procedure to add the Recherche Organization Unit under Llecointe.

Insertion of Organization Unit containers.

Moving container

Remark: It is possible to move objects from container to container by dragging and dropping.

 To move an object, click with the left mouse button on the desired object to move, hold the button down and drag it and drop it on the destination container.

Remark: For a larger Directory configuration, the drag and drop function cannot be used; it is then possible to select several objects by doing:

Directory>select source object for move,

then select the destination container

Directory>Select Destination Container

and do

Directory>move selected object.

Move function of Directory objects

In the following example we will move first the network container ‘>Ethernet0_ethernetCsmacd’ in the Llecointe container by the drag-and-drop method.

Moving a Container

Sale et Research Container will be moved to the network container.

Moving a Container

The objects host ATG and AMD800 are placed in their relevant containers.

Moving a Container 2

The new tree structure allows us to have an organizational view of our network system.

The manual insertion of a new host will be seen in a subsequent chapter.

The Directory is an active structure

The structure of the Directory allows global supervision functionalities of a node.

The Health Control Center uses this powerful functionality to display by a simple click information on a complete branch of the tree.

It is important to build initially a well thought-out hierarchy that will facilitate day-to-day administration tasks.

The Health Control Center

If you double-click on the Llecointe container, all objects  below it will be displayed in the Health Control Center (HCC) window, showing you a lot of the object’s  information.

View of the Directory and the HCC

In the Health Control Center you see in real time the object status of the selected directory object. You also access this feature by the context menu or by the main menu.

The Sub Directory Map

If you use the menu’s option Directory>New Sub Directory Map or the context menu on a directory object (right click) New Sub Directory Map, a directory map window displays that shows you the selected branch’s objects as icons. This map is not necessarily a topological view of your network as we already mentioned.

Objects Sub Directory Map

This graphical map gives you an object’s status in real time of a single object in the directory or a complete branch.

The icon-associated color notifies you of the alert severity. If the icon represents a node of the directory, any change in the status of an underlying object located in this branch will impact the color of the node icon.

As you can see in the next screen capture, the context menu associated with an object depends on the object type.

Host context menu

Organization context Menu 

Network context menu

Remark: When you select (highlighted/surrounded) a host or a container from any place within LoriotPro, this becomes the default object; it can be in the directory tree on a map, etc. All subsequent global actions that you take will be applied to this default object.

The notion of default (selected host) and default (selected) container has to be differentiated.

If in the ‘Sub Directory Map you click on a host, it becomes automatically the default host, and tools such as Telnet, Ping, Report, etc. are started with this host IP address as a parameter. The host name is displayed in the corresponding ‘Tool Bar’.

Selected object (here the default gateway host) in the directory tree

Selected container in the directory tree and in the  Workspace Tool Bar.

Remark: We will see later on the various processes attached to the directory tree.

Router tree


This window shows you a graphical representation of all the routers and their associated interfaces of your networks.

Self learning

This tree is automatically built by the Discovery process. It is, however, also possible to add a new router manually.

Each IP address attached to a router interface exists as a single host in the directory. LoriotPro defines a router entity as a set of interfaces attached to an IP network and attached to each of them a unique reference called a routerID. The routerID is the first IP address of the first interface of the router object discovered or created.

Workspace, Router Tree

In the above screen capture, you see the C2500-11-7 router object, its interfaces and the associated IP address. For each of these IP addresses, there is a host object placed in the corresponding network (if you decided to keep this type of object presentation).

This strategy allows you to apply individual processes to interfaces. As we will see later, processes are used to display collected data in various formats.

Router associated functions

To get the router associated function, select an item in the tree and right-click to call the context menu.

Router tree contextual menu

Or from the main menu:


Menu de l'arbre des routeurs

Double-clicking on a router object starts a telnet session on it.

Double-clicking on an interface calls up the host properties menu.

The detailed function will be seen in a subsequent chapter.

The MIB Tree


This zone contains all the MIB objects known (compiled) by LoriotPro and allows you to start the process by associating one of these MIB objects to the default (selected)  Directory object, which should be a host object.

Before any SNMP request, you must select a host in the Directory tree or on a map.

The tree follows exactly the official structure of presentation of SNMP objects as defined in the MIB..

orkspace, MIB Tree

Remark: At each compilation of new MIB files, the tree is automatically updated and new SNMP objects are inserted or removed.

Associated function to the MIB Tree.

The MIB tree is one way of generating graphics and reports and modifying any settable value on your devices. To access the associated functions, select one of the objects in the MIB tree and then from the menu or context menu call up the desired one.

The Mib Tree menu

From the context menu.

MIB tree context menu

Direct functions

If you double-click on any item of the tree, the software interprets the command based on the type of the object beneath it.

For an OID of branch type, a request will be sent to the default host agent and will be displayed on the screen.

Mib tree Simple request

For an MIB object of table type, a set request will be sent to the default host and will be displayed in a table.

MIB Tree table request

The details of MIB functions are explained in a subsequent chapter.

The MIB Table 


This window contains only MIB table objects known (compiled) by LoriotPro. It will allow you to send a request directly to all table objects for the default (selected) object).

Workspace, Mib Table

Remark: The list is updated each time you perform a new MIB compilation.

Associated MIB table functions

Double-clicking on an object table in the tree starts the sending of an SNMP request to the default host agent and a results window is displayed.

MIB Table request

Services tree


This zone allows you to load and supervise special processes especially written for LoriotPro called service plug-ins. The included Web server is an example of a service plug-in. This concept extends the capacity of the software by providing you with the ability to develop your own processes and create almost any customized application.

A service plug-in normally runs in background mode, alongside the LoriotPro Kernel process, and can access any resources (objects and functions).

WorkSpace, Services

Service Plug-ins should be written with the provided SDK. LoriotPro is distributed with two service plug-ins that are installed by default.

 Service tree associated functions

You can access plug-in associated functions from the main menu Services.

Service plug-in tree menu

Or from the context menu of the service tree.

Service tree context menu.

Double-clicking on an object of the tree displays the configuration or status screen associated with the service plug-in.

DashBoard service Plug-in

The service plug-ins that come with LoriotPro are detailed in subsequent chapters.
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